Tip 2: Pay attention to the background
Pay attention to the background of your photo. Keep it as clear and harmonious as possible.
Avoid cluttered, fussy backgrounds since they distract the eye from the subject of the photo. A plain background helps the subject stand out on its own. An interesting background will give the image context.
Background giving some context
Messy, uninspiring background
Sometimes you just need to wait a few minutes for the people in the background to move.
You may need to change your position and viewpoint for a more pleasing photo.
Move in closer or crop to cut out messy backgrounds.
Blur the background using a shallow depth of field, a telephoto or macro lens or by panning against an interesting background.
Sometimes the background, although a bit “busy”, helps put the picture in context as in the following examples:
San Juan market in Mexico City
Ladies selling food by the road, Cuernavaca, Morelos
Musicians in the street near the Basilica de Guadalupe, Mexico City
Finding good backgrounds for your pictures comes with practice but once your eye is trained, you will soon be creating stronger photos.